Ferah Kızılay1, Gökçen Akça1, Kamil Karaali2, Saim Kazan3, Hilmi Uysal1

1Akdeniz University Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Neurology, Antalya
2Akdeniz University Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Radiology, Antalya
3Akdeniz University Faculty Of Medicine, Department Of Neurosurgery, Antalya

Keywords: Herpes zoster, myelitis, magnetic resonance imaging.


Brown Séquard syndrome, is caused by a lesion effecting one half of the spinal cord in a segment or more than one segments. Below the lesion level, there is loss of deep sensory and motor functions on the ipsilateral side, whereas loss of pain and temparature sensations are present on the contralateral side. Most common causes are trauma, radiation necrosis and spinal metastases. Here, we aimed to present a case of herpes Zoster virus myelitis, that was presented as Brown Séquard sydrome, which is very rare.

A 55-year-old male was presented with acute paresia of the right arm and leg. Three days after the start of these complaints, painful, itchy and vesicular blisters appeared on the extensor surface of the right arm. On neurological examination, there were 4+/5 paresis on the right arm and leg, loss of proprioception on the right upper and lower extremities, and loss of temparature sensation on the left upper and lower extremities. Servical MRI showed an expansile hyperintense lesion which was located on C5-C6 level within spinal cord, on T2-weighted images. Lesion diameter was 3 centimeters. Skin lesions showed regression within 15 days, whereas motor deficits remained stable. After 4 months, MRI showed marked regression of the spinal cord lesion.

We aimed to share the findings of this HZV myelitis case, which is very rare and its MRI findings may easily misinterpreted as a spinal mass lesion.