Swati Kumari, Irshad Ahmad, Ankita Sharma, Moattar Raza Rizvi

Manav Rachna International Institute and Studies (MRIIRS), School of Allied Health Sciences, Department of Physiotherapy, Faridabad, India

Keywords: Northwick Park neck pain questionnaire, Hindi, neck pain, translation, validity


Objective: To examine the psychometric properties of the Northwick Park neck pain questionnaire (NPQ) by translating it from English to Hindi and evaluating its content validity (CV) and internal consistency to assess its feasibility for assessing neck pain.

Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study included 60 patients who had been experiencing non-inflammatory neck pain for at least 4 months. The psychometric properties, internal consistency, and test–retest reliability of the back-translated version were assessed and compared with the original English version. A panel of six experts validated the instrument for CV.

Results: The factor analysis revealed a three-factor structure, which accounted for 76.7% of variance in the translated Hindi version of the NPQ. Internal consistency was indicated by a Cronbach’s alpha of 0.936, and test–retest reliability was assessed using an intraclass correlation coefficient of 0.935 (95% confidence interval: 0.906–0.958). Significant correlations were found between the individual items of the translated Hindi and original English NPQs.

Conclusion: The English-to-Hindi-translated NPQ demonstrated a good factor structure and exhibited similar psychometric properties to the original English version. Therefore, it can be recommended for use in neck pain research in India.

Ethics Committee Approval

Approval was obtained from the Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences Research Ethics Committee (reference number: MRIIRS/FAHS/DEC/2021-BPT71).

Peer Review

Internally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept: S.K., I.A., A.S., M.R.R., Design: S.K., I.A., A.S., M.R.R., Data Collection or Processing: S.K., A.S., Analysis or Interpretation: M.R.R., Literature Search: I.A., Writing: S.K., I.A., A.S., M.R.R.

Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study received no financial support.