Sema Gül1, Emel Soylu2, Murat Terzi3, Muammer Türkoğlu2, Kübra Aslan Koca4

1Ondokuz Mayıs University, Graduate Institute, Department of Neuroscience, Samsun, Turkey
2Samsun University Faculty of Engineering, Department of Software Engineering, Samsun, Türkiye
3Ondokuz Mayıs University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Samsun, Türkiye
4Adapha Artificial Intelligence R&D and Software Inc., Samsun, Türkiye

Keywords: Machine learning, neurological diseases, gait analysis, kinetic analysis, kinematic analysis


Objective: To determine the contribution of gait analysis to the differentiation and diagnosis of these diseases by examining the walking videos of individuals diagnosed with multiple sclerosis (MS) and Parkinson’s disease (PD) using the deep learning method.

Materials and Methods: A hybrid system based on Convolutional Neural Networks was developed for the detection of MS and PD based on gait analysis. The patients were walked on a flat surface of approximately 14 meters and video recordings were taken from the front, back and both sides during walking. Videos of a total of 28 patients, 12 PD and 16 MS patients, were used in the study.

Results: In the study, the data was analyzed using machine learning techniques and the best accuracy score was obtained as 87.5%.

Conclusion: The accuracy rate of machine learning models in the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment process of patients such as MS, PD and other neurological diseases has been examined and it has been concluded that it is inevitable that these methods will be used much more over time.

Ethics Committee Approval

The study was approved by the Ondokuz Mayıs University Clinical Research Ethics Committee (decision no: 2021-544, date: 24.11.2021).

Peer Review

Externally peer-reviewed.

Author Contributions

Concept: S.G., M.T., Design: S.G., E.S., Data Collection or Processing: S.G., M.T., K.A.K., Analysis or Interpretation: S.G., E.S., M.T., M.Tü., K.A.K., Literature Search: K.A.K., Writing: S.G., E.S., K.A.K.

Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest was declared by the authors.

Financial Disclosure

The authors declared that this study received no financial support.