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  A Rare Cause of Spasticity and Microcephaly: Argininemia [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. 2020; 26(3): 250-252 | DOI: 10.4274/tnd.2020.97752  

A Rare Cause of Spasticity and Microcephaly: Argininemia

Pembe Soylu Üstkoyuncu1, Mustafa Kendirci1, Songül Gökay1, Fatih Kardaş1, Hakan Gümüş2, Hüseyin Per2, Hatice Gamze Poyrazoğlu2, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram2, Mehmet Canpolat2, Sefer Kumandaş2
1Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Nutrition and Metabolism, Kayseri, Turkey
2Erciyes University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatrics, Division of Pediatric Neurology, Kayseri, Turkey

Argininemia is an autosomal recessive urea cycle disorder caused by the deficiency of arginase. Our first case presented with psychomotor retardation, difficulty of walking, and progressive tiptoeing. Laboratory investigations revealed mildly elevated hepatic enzymes and elevated plasma arginine concentration. Molecular genetic analysis was performed for suspected argininemia and a novel homozygous mutation c. 231C> A (p. S77R) was detected in the ARG1 gene. The second patient was admitted because of poor head control when he was aged 6 months. Microcephaly was detected in his physical examination, and basic metabolic tests were studied. Elevated levels of plasma arginine and orotic acid in urine organic acid analysis were compatible with argininemia. A homozygous mutation c.703G> C (p. G235R) was detected in the ARG1 gene and the diagnosis was confirmed. Arginineemia is a rare cause of progressive spastic diplegia. Patients may be mistakenly diagnosed as having cerebral palsy. Microcephaly may be the initial clinical finding of the disorder.

Keywords: Arginase deficiency, microcephaly, spastic paraparesis, urea cycle defect

Pembe Soylu Üstkoyuncu, Mustafa Kendirci, Songül Gökay, Fatih Kardaş, Hakan Gümüş, Hüseyin Per, Hatice Gamze Poyrazoğlu, Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Mehmet Canpolat, Sefer Kumandaş. A Rare Cause of Spasticity and Microcephaly: Argininemia. Turk J Neurol. 2020; 26(3): 250-252

Corresponding Author: Pembe Soylu Üstkoyuncu, Türkiye

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