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Turkish Journal of Neurology Indexed By
  Evaluation of Depression and Anxiety of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison with the General Population [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. 2021; 27(1): 31-39 | DOI: 10.4274/tnd.2021.63444  

Evaluation of Depression and Anxiety of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison with the General Population

Gizem Yağmur Yalçın1, Cansu Polat Dunya1, Zeliha Tülek1, Murat Kürtüncü2, Mefkure Eraksoy2
1Florence Nightingale Faculty of Nursing; Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Istanbul, Turkey
2Istanbul University, Istanbul Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Istanbul, Turkey

Objective: The coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic can increase anxiety and depression in patients with multiple sclerosis (PwMS). This study aimed to evaluate the predictors of anxiety and depression in PwMS during the COVID-19 pandemic and compare it with the general population (GP).
Materials and Methods: The study was conducted in an MS clinic in Istanbul University Istanbul Faculty of Medicine. Data were collected online using a form including sociodemographics and questions on COVID-19-related knowledge and the hospital anxiety and depression scale.
Results: This study included 800 participants (GP: 421, MS: 379). Anxiety (42.3% vs. 32.2%, p=0.002) and depression (53.9% vs. 39.6%, p<0.001) were more common, COVID-19-related knowledge was lower (9.1±1.5 vs. 9.9±1.2, p<0.001), and rate of COVID-19 infection was higher (15.4% vs. 6.9%, p<0.001) in the GP than PwMS. Among other factors, COVID-19-related knowledge was a common predictor of anxiety and depression in both GP and MS groups [odds ratio (OR): 0.8, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.7-0.9, p=0.007 and OR: 0.7, 95% CI 0.7-0.9, p=0.020, for anxiety; OR: 0.7, 95% CI 0.7-0.9, p=0.001 and OR: 0.8, 95% CI 0.7-1.0, p=0.023 for depression, respectively].
Conclusion: This study revealed that PwMS have less anxiety and depression than the GP. Our study shows the importance of COVID-19-related knowledge and the need for psychological support during the pandemic.

Keywords: Multiple sclerosis, COVID-19, anxiety, depression, COVID-19-related knowledge


Gizem Yağmur Yalçın, Cansu Polat Dunya, Zeliha Tülek, Murat Kürtüncü, Mefkure Eraksoy. Evaluation of Depression and Anxiety of Patients with Multiple Sclerosis During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Comparison with the General Population. Turk J Neurol. 2021; 27(1): 31-39

Corresponding Author: Gizem Yağmur Yalçın, Türkiye


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