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  Decreased Stroke Applications During Pandemic: Collateral Effects of COVID-19 [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. 2021; 27(2): 171-175 | DOI: 10.4274/tnd.2021.50133  

Decreased Stroke Applications During Pandemic: Collateral Effects of COVID-19

Erman Altunışık, Ali Arık
Adiyaman University Training and Research Hospital, Clinic of Norology, Adiyaman, Turkey

Objective: Our study aimed to investigate the effects of the pandemic on human behavior and stroke management by comparing hospital admissions made due to stroke during the pandemic period with the same period of the previous year.
Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was conducted on patients with stroke admitted to our hospital between April 1st, 2020, and May 31st, 2020, and April 1st, 2019, and May 31st, 2019. Strokes were divided into three subgroups: ischemic stroke, hemorrhagic stroke, and transient ischemic attack (TIA). The total number of strokes, stroke subtypes, vascular risk factors, sociodemographic and clinical characteristics, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) scores, presence of large vessel occlusion, thrombolytic therapy use, intensive care unit requirement, and in-hospital mortality values were compared for both periods.
Results: A total of 133 patients, 75 males, 58 females, 44 during the pandemic period and 89 in the previous year, were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 71.29±13.12 years. During the pandemic period, compared with the same period one year ago, there was a 50% decrease in the number of strokes, a 44% decrease in the number of ischemic strokes, a 62.5% decrease in the number of intracranial hemorrhages, and an 87.5% decrease in the number of TIA. During the pandemic period, the rate of patients who received intravenous thrombolytic therapy, the rate of patients with large vessel occlusion, the inhospital mortality rate, and the mean NIHSS scores were found to be significantly higher during the pandemic, but the rate of patients who had a minor stroke was significantly lower.
Conclusion: The pandemic period has brought along many unknowns. It is a matter of curiosity how the effects of the pandemic on human behavior and functioning in health institutions will affect the diagnosis, treatment, and long-term follow-up of diseases other than coronavirus disease-2019.

Keywords: COVID-19, pandemic, stroke, transient ischemic attack, epidemiology


Erman Altunışık, Ali Arık. Decreased Stroke Applications During Pandemic: Collateral Effects of COVID-19. Turk J Neurol. 2021; 27(2): 171-175

Corresponding Author: Erman Altunışık, Türkiye


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