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Transient Ischemic Attack Caused by Iron Deficiency Anemia [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. 2006; 12(1): 65-68

Transient Ischemic Attack Caused by Iron Deficiency Anemia

Ufuk Emre1, Tuğrul Atasoy1, Aysun Ünal1, Ali Borazan2
1Department Of Neurology, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty Of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey
2Department Of Internal Medicine, Zonguldak Karaelmas University, Faculty Of Medicine, Zonguldak, Turkey

Transient Ischemic Attack Caused by Iron Deficiency Anemia
Transient ischemic attacks are episodes of
transient focal ischemia involving the brain or brainstem. They are
commonly two to thirty minutes in duration and lasting less than 24
hours. Anemia of iron deficiency isn’t frequently cause for transient
ischemic attack. It has been reported as a risk factor for childhood
ischemic strokes. In the iron deficiency anemia, T‹A may develop as
result of hypercoagulable state and increased viscosity that is caused by
anemic hypoxia that is result of reduce hemoglobine level, seconder
thrombosis and microcytose
As iron deficiency anemia has been reported so rarely in
adult patients with transient ischemic attacks as a cause, we aimed to
discuss the clinical and outcome features of two cases with iron
deficiency anemia and transient ischemic attacks in this study.
Materials and methods: Routine neurologic examination, biochemical
screen, serological tests, vasculitic markers, thyroid function tests,
vitamin B 12 level, cranial imaging, vertebral carotid doppler USG
examination was conducted in the two patients.
Anemia of iron deficiency was found as the only risk
factor for TIA and the two patients were treated with replacement of
iron and antiagregan therapy. Neurological examination revealed no
abnormality through the two years of follow-up. The iron deficiency
anemia may be cause of many neurologic problems such a irritability,
lethargy, headache, development retardation except from T‹A. In the
iron deficiency anemia, early diagnosis and treatment is important.

Keywords: iron deficiency anemia, transient ischemic attack


Ufuk Emre, Tuğrul Atasoy, Aysun Ünal, Ali Borazan. Transient Ischemic Attack Caused by Iron Deficiency Anemia. Turk J Neurol. 2006; 12(1): 65-68

Corresponding Author: Ufuk Emre, Türkiye


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