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Why are Patients with Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction Being Intubated? [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. 2018; 24(2): 126-129 | DOI: 10.4274/tnd.08108  

Why are Patients with Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction Being Intubated?

Tuğçe Mengi1, Taner Çalışkan2, Özgecan Kaya1, Erdem Yaka1
1Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurolog, İzmir, Turkey
2Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, İzmir, Turkey

Objective: To describe the causes of intubation in patients who have been diagnosed with middle cerebral artery (MCA) infarction requiring mechanical ventilation (MV) by evaluating the clinical and radiologic features in the neurological intensive care unit (NICU).
Materials and Methods: The patients with MCA infarction who required MV in the NICU were evaluated retrospectively. All patients’ age, sex, risk factors of stroke, lesion topography, etiology and treatment of stroke, cause of intubation, percentage of extubation, death/discharge status were recorded.
Results: It is found that between June 1st, 2009, and December 31st, 2015, 91 patients with stroke with MCA infarction were mechanically ventilated in the NICU. Fifty patients were intubated with neurologic causes and 40 patients needed intubation due to cardiopulmonary problems. One patient was treated in the NICU after surgery for a diaphragmatic hernia.
Conclusion: The patients with MCA infarction who are followed up on a mechanical ventilator have poor prognosis. This group of patients constitutes elderly individuals who are at risk for vascular and organ failure. Their follow-up must be conducted in NICUs.

Keywords: Ischemic stroke, mechanical ventilation, middle cerebral artery, neurological intensive care unit


Tuğçe Mengi, Taner Çalışkan, Özgecan Kaya, Erdem Yaka. Why are Patients with Acute Middle Cerebral Artery Infarction Being Intubated?. Turk J Neurol. 2018; 24(2): 126-129

Corresponding Author: Tuğçe Mengi, Türkiye


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