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Volume : 23 Issue : 4 Year : 2017

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Neural Foundations of Action Related Language: Studies in Parkinson's Disease [Turk J Neurol]
Turk J Neurol. Ahead of Print: TJN-04796

Neural Foundations of Action Related Language: Studies in Parkinson's Disease

Ece Bayram1, Muhittin Cenk Akbostancż2
1Department of Interdisciplinary Neuroscience, Ankara University Institute of Health Sciences, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Neurology, Ankara University School of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

Parkinsonís disease, which is one of the most common neurodegenerative disorders, is a disorder effecting quality of life due to its non-motor symptoms in addition to its motor symptoms. Non-motor symptoms of this disease vary greatly and effect patients starting from early stages. These symptoms also include language deficits. Besides motor language disorders as hypophonia, and dysarthria commonly seen in Parkinsonís disease, deficits in morphosyntax, semantics and understanding metaphors have been reported. Various studies have also shown deficits in action language in action ability effecting Parkinsonís disease. Although language deficits are thought to be caused by cognitive deficits in this disease, there are studies showing language deficits independent of cognitive deficits. These language deficits in Parkinsonís disease, caused by basal ganglia dysfunctions, may provide valuable information in determining brain areas related to language. In this review we aimed to assess action language deficits in Parkinsonís disease and to evaluate the location of action language in the brain in light of these deficits.

Keywords: Parkinsonís disease, embodiment, action language

Corresponding Author: Ece Bayram, TŁrkiye

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